The majority of the population is eating their main portion of calories on a daily basis from refined grains such as pasta, cereals, breads. Is this appropriate? Let’s look into grains and starches a bit closer.

To avoid writing an overwelming, long, heavy article we have decided to break this down into two parts.

Times have changed

A couple of hundred years ago production habits where different.

In the Industrial age there was a need for massive production and shelf life-time

Essencial nutrients and carbs

Essential nutrients cannot be produced by the body and must be obtained through other means while many non-essential nutrients can be both synthesized and absorbed from food. Although you will find in some articles that carbs part of the essential nutrients this is not accurate, since carbohydrates are a category not a nutrient.

There are 9 amino acids, 2 fatty acids, 13 vitamins, and 15 minerals that are considered essential nutrients.

Energy production

While glucose (sugar) is readily available for most of the general population, it’s not actually the most efficient pathway of energy production, and is not the ideal source of fuel, fatty acids are. Fatty acids are metabolized in a process called beta-oxidation, and the burning of fatty acids is responsible for 60-70% of all of the energy our cells create. The result is that each molecule of glucose forms a total of 38 ATP (ATP stands for adenosine triphosphate and can be considered as the amount of energy produced in each cell by the mitochondria) molecules but each fatty-acid molecule produces 129 ATP molecules. You can clearly see why healthy, well-functioning cells would prefer fatty acids as their source of fuel. Fat consumption will result into more available energy for the bodies required functions.

To be continued…

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